The historical background of the province of Chahar Mahal Va Bakhtiyari intermingles with that of the Bakhtiyari Tribe that comes from a branch of the Lur Clan or Tribe, who were known as Lor-e-Bozorg (Great Lor) in the history of Iran. The Bakhtiyari Tribe can be divided into two tribes (branches), Haft Lang and Chahar Lang. The summer quarters of the Chahar Lang being in the vicinity of the province of Lurestan and generally the Haft Lang Tribe form their jurisdiction in the townships of Brujen, Lordegan, Farsan, Ardal and Shahr-e-Kord. The Bakhtiyari territory at times came under the hands of the province of Fars and was also a part of the Khuzestan province.
Due to their special nomadic life style, very little historical evidences have come to light in this area. But this fact does not take away from the natural scenery beauty such as forestry, wetlands, gushing streams and rivers, waterfalls, thermal and natural springs all enveloped in a cool mountainous climate enhance the natural beauty, beside other interests such as winter sports.
The province of Chahar Mahal Va Bakhtiyari can be said to be one of the most interesting areas in Iran regarding special traditions or rituals, relative to their 'tribal' lifestyle and having a special connection with the national, religious, mourning and wedding ceremonies performed here. Besides which the form of music, dance and apparel (both men and women) can be made special mention of. Thus culturally this vicinity can be named as having features holding its own.